Reflection from a Film-Covered Surface
Dielectric films are commonly used to reduce or eliminate unwanted reflections. When
and the reflected wave is eliminated. For an arbitrary value of b, both r and t are complex. The next two examples deal with films whose thickness is 3/4 of the wavelength of light in the film. This thickness is chosen to simplify the algebra: the cosines make the diagonal matrix elements zero, and the sines in the off-diagonal elements are replaced by -1. The first example considers a film of index 2 on a substrate of index 1.5.